The regular diet can also be referred to as a general or normal diet. Its purpose is to provide a well-balanced diet and ensure that individuals who do not require dietary modifications receive adequate nutrition. Based on the Dietary Guidelines and the Food Guide Pyramid, it incorporates a wide variety of foods and adequate caloric intake.
The soft diet consists of foods soft in texture, moderately low in fiber, and processed by chopping, grinding or pureeing to be easier to chew. Most milk products, mashed potatoes, tender vegetables and fruits and their juices are included in the diet. However, most raw fruits and vegetables, seeds, nuts and dried fruits are excluded.
Salt-restricted (Low Sodium) Diet
Sodium controlled diets are usually prescribed for patients with hypertension and for those with excess fluid accumulations. Intake of commercially prepared foods such as cured or smoked meats, canned vegetables and regular soups as well as buttermilk, salt and salty foods are limited or avoided. White milk, unsalted vegetables and fruits and low sodium foods are included.
Consistent Carbohydrate (Diabetic Diet)
A diabetic diet varies from patient to patients depending on the type and intensity of the diabetes, the patients’ personal history, and individual nutrient needs. The exchange list for meal planning established the serving size amount of carbohydrates per meal based on calorie recommendations. Meals are basically like those found on a regular menu, but carbohydrate servings are carefully controlled and small snacks may be included in the meal plan. Carbohydrates are starches, starchy vegetables, juice, fruit, milk, and sugars.
A renal diet is carefully planned with special consideration of nutrients, and it is often adjusted as kidney disease progresses. A renal diet may serve the purpose of attempting to slow down the process of renal dysfunction. If dialysis treatments are not being taken, the doctor may restrict protein intake of foods such as potatoes, tomatoes, oranges, and bananas. A phosphorous restriction may limit the intake of milk and dairy products, dried beans and peas, while grain breads and cereals, coffee, tea, and “dark-colored” soda beverages.
Ryels Tube (R T Feed) Clear Liquid Diet
To leave little residue in the GI tract, this short-term diet provides clear liquids that supply fluid and calories without residue. It is often used with acute illness especially the patients on ventilator & critical illness, before and after surgery, and other procedures. It includes coffee, tea, clear juices, gelatin and clear broth.
Full Liquid Diet
As a transition between clear liquid and a soft or regular diet, this plan provides easily tolerated foods. The diet includes milk, strained and creamed soups, creamed cereal and fruit and vegetable juices.
This diet is often prescribed for patients with gastrointestinal disorders or excessive body weight. It limits the intake of fatty food such as margarine, mayonnaise, dressings, oils and gravies. The diet usually includes whole wheat breads, lean cuts of meat, skim milk, low-fat cheese products, vegetables, and other food items prepared without extra fat.
Lowering blood cholesterol can reduce your risk of heart disease. Cholesterol is found only in foods of animal origin. Certain oats, beans, and fruits are actually effective at lowering cholesterol levels in the body. A cholesterol-restricted diet limits the intake of meats, poultry, fried foods, egg yolks, and whole milk products. Food high in saturated fat and Trans fatty acids such as palm kernel oil, coconut oil, margarine, and shortening are also limited. The diet includes skim milk, fruits, vegetables, and whole grain products.
Low Residue/Low Fiber Diet
This type of diet tried to limit fiber, a kind of carbohydrate found in some plant-derived foods. The diet limits intake around ten grams of fiber daily and is designed to minimize the frequency and volume of residue in the intestinal tract.
Renal Diet for Chronic Kidney Disease
Research shows that a plant based diet may slow down some complication of chronic kidney disease such as heart disease, protein loss in urine and progression of kidney damage. Treatment for kidney disease includes a meal plan that will help lower the levels of protein, potassium, sodium, fluid and phosphorus in body. Carefully following a meal plan that meets your individual needs will help keep nutrients in body retains and prevent bone loss. There is no one diet that is right for everyone with kidney disease. And individual meal plan change our time determined the level of protein, potassium, sodium fluid and phosphorus that meal plan should provide. Your dietician will explain your meal plan and provide food lists along with cooking information.